英语作文常见的文体有以下五种，即记叙文（narration )、描写文（description )、说明文（exposition )、 议论文（argumentation) 和应用文（letters)。应用文在下面小作文的写作中我们会提及，所以在此我们主 要论述前四种文体。
再次，记叙文的线索一般以时间先后为序来记叙,即按照事件的发展顺序来写，但有时也可从故事 或事件的中间和结尾写起;也可以按照地点的线索来写，即以地点的转移为顺序。 然后，要注意文章的完整性,还要突出重点，做到层次分明，详略得当。
One Sunday morning, there were some people in Zhongshan Park. At a stand, a woman was buying an ice cream when a young man behind her snatched her handbag away. She shouted, “Stop the thief! He’s snatched my bag!” Hearing this, a few people began to run after him. There was an old man sitting quietly on a bench nearby. As the snatcher was
running past him，the old man quickly picked up his umbrella and put it between the snatcher’s legs. The young man fell down on the ground. Soon two policemen came in a police car and arrested him. The woman thanked the old man，and the people around praised the old man for his cleverness.
An Unforgettable Day
Time is like a long river, in which almost all people have their unforgettable days. Some are full of happiness. Some are miserable. Mine are little bitter. That was on July 4,2000. Mother got up earlier and got breakfast ready, saying “I，ll go to
school with you to say‘good-bye' to your teachers and fellow classmates. You must work from now on. ”Although her voice was soft，I was shocked by it. Silence filled the house. I ate a little. On the way to school we remained silent. My father’s kind face emerged in my mind. I fought back my tears. We arrived at school and went into the teachers，office. And together we went into the classroom. While bidding farewell to my classmates I saw tears in some girl students. I couldn’t control mine anymore. I left school with heavy steps. I turned around occasionally to look at my dear school where I had acquired a lot of knowledge and known a lot of friends. I said thousands of time in my mind “Farewell, my dear school. Farewell...” deciding that I must earn enough money to go back to school some day. That was the most miserable day that I have in my life. Now my words come true. But I still can’t forget that day.