Deepening the reform in the system of administrative examina-tion and approval. The Chinese government has been going all out to push forward reform in the system of administrative examina-tion and approval, and speed up the separation of the functions of government from those of enterprises, state asset management au-thorities, public institutions and market-based intermediaries to accelerate the transformation of the functions of the government. On the basis of comprehensively sorting out matters requiring administrative examination and approval, the state has sharply reduced or adjusted such matters. Since the reform of the adminis-trative examination and approval system was launched in 2001, various departments of the State Council have cancelled and ad-justed over 2,000 items requiring administrative examination and approval, and the local governments cancelled and adjusted in total over 77,000 items which used to come under this heading. The two numbers of items added up to over half of the former total of such items. As for the rest of the items, administrative service centers have been extensively set up to openly examine and approve them, an electronic monitoring system has been established to promptly monitor such examination and approval, and an accountability sys-tem and an information feedback mechanism have been established to enhance work efficiency and reduce the possibility of rent-seeking act of power.
Promoting the reform of the cadre and personnel system. China adheres to the principles of democracy, openness, competition and merit in establishing a scientific mechanism for selecting and ap-pointing cadres as well as a management and monitoring mecha-nism in this regard, aiming at increasing public trust in its selection and appointment of cadres, and preventing and combating cor-ruption at the very source in appointing cadres. By issuing in succession the Guidelines for Deepening Reform of the Cadre and Personnel System, Regulations on the Work of Selecting and Appointing Leading Party and Government Cadres, Supervisory Measures for the Selection and Appointment of Leading Party and Government Cadres (Trial), and Accountability Measures for the Selection and Appointment of Leading Party and Government Cadres (Trial), the CPC has drawn up a comprehensive plan for reforming the cadre and personnel system, made rigorous stipula-tions regarding basic principles, standards, procedures and methods for the selection and appointment of cadres, and tightened supervi-sion over the work of cadre selection and appointment. We stick to the standards of political integrity and professional competence, with the former being the most important. We comprehensively press ahead with such systems as democratic recommendation and assessment, opinion polls, preliminary investigation report, public announcement before appointment, as well as systems of exchange of posts and recusal for cadres, and vigorously promote open selec-tion and competition for posts, and spread and improve the system of appointing cadres to important positions by local Party commit-tees through voting.